The Azimuth Project
Global Plant Conservation Strategy


The Global Plant Conservation Strategy is UN program adopted as part of the Convention on biological diversity at the sixth meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Its aim is to to halt the current and continuing loss of plant diversity. The first strategy adopted contained targets to be met by 2010. At the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the strategy was revised for the time period 2011-2020. [1]

The Strategy’s targets for 2011-2020

The strategy is split up into five broad objectives, each of which is further divided into targets [2]:

Objective I: Plant diversity is well understood, documented and recognized

  • Target 1: An online flora of all known plants.
  • Target 2: An assessment of the conservation status of all known plant species, as far as possible, to guide conservation action. Target 3: Information, research and associated outputs, and methods necessary to implement the Strategy developed and shared.

Objective II: Plant diversity is urgently and effectively conserved

  • Target 4: At least 15 per cent of each ecological region or vegetation type secured through effective management and/or restoration.
  • Target 5: At least 75 per cent of the most important areas for plant diversity of each ecological region protected with effective management in place for conserving plants and their genetic diversity.
  • Target 6: At least 75 per cent of production lands in each sector managed sustainably, consistent with the conservation of plant diversity.
  • Target 7: At least 75 per cent of known threatened plant species conserved in situ.
  • Target 8: At least 75 per cent of threatened plant species in ex situ collections, preferably in the country of origin, and at least 20 per cent available for recovery and restoration programmes.
  • Target 9: 70 per cent of the genetic diversity of crops including their wild relatives and other socio-economically valuable plant species conserved, while respecting, preserving and maintaining associated indigenous and local knowledge. Target 10: Effective management plans in place to prevent new biological invasions and to manage important areas for plant diversity that are invaded.

Objective III: Plant diversity is used in a sustainable and equitable manner

  • Target 11: No species of wild flora endangered by international trade.
  • Target 12: All wild harvested plant-based products sourced sustainably.
  • Target 13: Indigenous and local knowledge innovations and practices associated with plant resources maintained or increased, as appropriate, to support customary use, sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care.

Objective IV: Education and awareness about plant diversity, its role in sustainable livelihoods and importance to all life on earth is promoted

Target 14: The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into communication, education and public awareness programmes.

Objective V: The capacities and public engagement necessary to implement the Strategy have been developed

  • Target 15: The number of trained people working with appropriate facilities sufficient according to national needs, to achieve the targets of this Strategy.
  • Target 16: Institutions, networks and partnerships for plant conservation established or strengthened at national, regional and international levels to achieve the targets of this Strategy.


[1] [2]