# The Azimuth Project Methane (Rev #14, changes)

Showing changes from revision #13 to #14: Added | Removed | Changed

# Contents

## Basic chemistry and use as a fuel

From Wikipedia:

Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula $CH_4$. It is the simplest alkane, and the principal component of natural gas. Methane’s bond angles are 109.5 degrees. Burning methane in the presence of oxygen produces carbon dioxide and water.

The relative abundance of methane makes it an attractive fuel. However, because it is a gas at normal temperature and pressure, methane is difficult to transport from its source. In its natural gas form, it is generally transported in bulk by pipeline or LNG carriers; few countries transport it by truck.

## Methane as a [[greenhouse gas]]

From Wikipedia:

Methane is a relatively potent greenhouse gas. Compared with carbon dioxide, it has a high global warming potential of 72 (calculated over a period of 20 years) or 25 (for a time period of 100 years). It has a net lifetime of about 10 years and is primarily removed by reaction with hydroxyl radicals in the atmosphere, producing carbon dioxide and water.

(Note that carbon dioxide is also a greenhouse gas. It has a lower global warming potential than methane, but it effectively stays in the atmosphere much longer.)

In addition, there is a large volume of methane deposited in the Arctic whose stability is poorly understood.

The effect of rising CO2 on plant life is a controversial and important topic. A new meta-analysis in Nature claims that more CO2 boosts soil emissions of nitrous oxide in all ecosystems, and more methane in in rice paddies and wetlands:

The claimed explanation is that higher CO2 concentrations reduce plant water use, making soils wetter, in turn reducing the availability of oxygen in soil, favoring microorganisms that make methane and N2O. Also: increasing CO2 makes plants grow faster, which supplies these microorganisms with extra energy.