The Azimuth Project
Concentrated solar power (Rev #13)

Idea

Concentrated solar power uses lenses or mirrors to concentrate sunlight, producing heat which drives a heat engine, usually a steam turbine, connected to a generator. Solar Concentration is a non-imaging optic mechanism and a different energy conversion process than photovoltaic solar power, where solar radiation is directly converted to electricity without the use of, for example, an electric generator driven by a prime mover such as steam turbine. One should also distinguish between solar power — that is, ways of turning solar radiation into electrical power — and other uses of solar energy, e.g. heating household water.

For examples of concentrated solar power plants, already operational or planned, see our articles:

and

Google is interested in concentrated solar power.

California

Nine units of SEGS (Solar Electricity Generating) plants built mid eighties through early nineties, in the Southern California deserts have been reliably generating a total of ~350 megawatts ever since.

With the recent permitting of other large scale CSP power plants also in California, more upgraded parabolic mirrors collector arrays will be used with a projected optical efficiency of 83%. See for example the Blythe solar power project recently approved by California Energy Commission, which will consist of four identical 250 megawatt power plants. This plant, built by and developed by Solar Millennium LLC and called the Blythe Solar Power Project (units 1 and 2), will be the largest solar power plant ever to be built at a single location:

The annual average solar to electric efficiency of the concentrated solar power plants is still lower than the conventional fossil-fuel fired power plants, but as technology improves, this efficiency figure may change.

References

category: energy