The Azimuth Project


A wetland is an ecosystem type that arises when inundation by water produces soils that are dominated by anaerobic processes, and the plant life is forced to adapt to standing water. Wetlands may be the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems. Wetlands provide ecosystem services such as flood control and the cleaning of water pollution. However, many wetlands have been eliminated either by large-scale draining efforts for real estate development, or flooding for use as recreational lakes. By 1993 half the world’s wetlands had been drained.

A simple classification includes six basic kinds of wetlands:


An excellent reference is:

Online, one can start with:

See also Peatland.

category: ecology