The Azimuth Project
Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics


The Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics program, or GLOBEC, ran from 1999 to 2009. The aim was to advance our understanding of the structure and functioning of the global ocean ecosystem and its response to physical forcing so that we can better forecast the responses of the marine ecosystem to global change. It considered global change in the broad sense, including global warming, population growth in coastal areas, increased pollution?, overfishing, changing fishing practices, and changing human use of the seas.

Its findings are summarized in this book, which is freely available online, but also available for purchase in hardcopy:

category: oceans, organizations